Monastery

Stronghold, seat, grave

The people of Dubrovnik had an immense respect for the monastery, and many organizations and individuals wished to have their headquarters, sanctuaries and graves built within the monastery complex. The church, sacristy, chapter house and cloister contained numerous altars, chapels, monuments, crypts, paintings, sculptures and golden ornaments. Amongst them were crypts of religious brotherhoods (Our Lady of the Rosary and The Holy Name of Jesus) and guilds (the powerful Lazarin Guild, and builders’ and painters’ guilds). The Wool Hecklers Guild crypt is in the Goldsmiths’ Guild Sacristy near the main entrance. There is also the grave of Peter Pantell of Piacenza, who founded a textile workshop in Dubrovnik in the 15th century; it was the first workshop on the eastern coast of the Adriatic and it was of great use to both the city and the Republic. Many crypts of eminent politicians, diplomats, friars, writers and scientists were covered for practical reasons during the refurbishment of the church in 1883. It was the first Dubrovnik pantheon worthy of respect. Many tombstones had ornaments and state symbols engraved on them in relief and bas-relief. Small plaques with their owner’s names engraved in Renaissance and Gothic script were built into the church and churchyard walls. The oldest crypt was built in the church apse in 1315 by the Crijević family, and the oldest grave dates back to 1325. These are some of the prominent names: Andrew of Drač, Archbishop of Dubrovnik (1388 – 1393); Nicolas de Ortis of Benevento, Archbishop of Dubrovnik (1393 – 1402); Hijacint Miljković, Archbishop of Dubrovnik and diplomat (1752 – 1756); Rajmund Jelić-Galani, Archbishop of Dubrovnik, theologian and diplomat (1722 – 1727); Donat Đurđević, Bishop of Mrkanj-Trebinje County (1481 – 1492); Petar Gučetić-Dragojević, Bishop of Ston and theologian (1551 – 1564); Paskoje Miličević, Dubrovnik master builder (circa 1460 -1516); Marin Getaldić, a mathematician of European significance (1568 -1626); Dinko Ranjina, Renaissance poet (1536 – 1607); Junije Palmotić, dramatist and poet (1606 – 1657); Klement Ranjina, theologian and diplomat (1482 – 1559); Ambroz Ranjina, historian (1490 – 1559); Rajmund Džamanjić, linguist and author of the first Croatian Orthography and Grammar book (1587 – 1644); Vlaho Držić, painter, brother of the famous dramatist Marin Držić († circa 1565); Petar Bogašinović, poet (1625 – 1700); Miho Monaldović, poet (1540 – 1592); Vinko Petrović, poet (1677 – 1754); Ambroz Gučetić, historian (1563 – 1632); Serafin M. Crijević, historian (1686 – 1759); Peter Pantella of Piacenza († 1425), the founder of the textile workshop.

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